Eur Cytokine Netw. 2003 Jan-Mar;14(1):59.
Prolactin-cytokine network in the defence against Acanthamoeba castellanii in murine microglia [corrected].
Benedetto N, Auriault C.
Institute of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, Second University of the Studies of Naples, Italy. firstname.lastname@example.org
In the central nervous system, cytokine-primed microglia play a pivotal role in host defence against parasite infections. In this study, the effect of recombinant (r) prolactin (rPRL) and rIFN-gamma on A. castellanii infection in murine microglia was examined. Priming of microglia with rPRL and rIFN-gamma synergistically triggered, in a dose-dependent manner, amebastatic activity and the release of endogenous IL-1alpha, IL-1beta, IL-6 and TNF-alpha. More than 53, 57, 49, 89 or 96 % of amebastatic activity was abrogated by anti-PRLR, IFN-gammaR, IL-1beta (but not IL-1alpha), IL-6 or TNF-alpha antibodies, suggesting that these two receptors and proinflammatory cytokines participate in the anti-microbial function. Inasmuch as DPI and AET, both inhibitors of NO synthase, blocked amebastatic activity only during the priming process, the NO-dependent pathway itself appears not to be directly involved in the anti-parasitic capacity. These data suggest that the PRL/PRLR and IFN-gamma/IFN-gamma/R complexes, by the induction of the IFN-gammaR on microglia, up-regulate the release of endogenous TNF-alpha, IL-6 and IL-1beta by these cells, which could trigger anti-microbial activity against A. castellanii infection in the brain [corrected].
PMID: 12517730 [PubMed - indexed"