Monday, July 17, 2006

Asthma And Obesity Linked By Protein Called AP2

Hmm- this makes no mention of too little carbon dioxide.... this looks more like a protein and inflammation link.....

Asthma And Obesity Linked By Protein Called AP2

Asthma And Obesity Linked By Protein Called AP2
Main Category: Asthma / Respiratory News
Article Date: 15 Jul 2006 - 7:00am (PDT)
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Adipocyte/macrophage fatty acid-binding protein aP2 (aP2), a protein which regulates allergic airway inflammation has been detected in human airway epithelial cells by scientists from the The Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Sydney, Australia. aP2 also regulates the uptake by lipid cells of fatty acids and is associated with insulin resistance and atherosclerosis.

In other words, aP2 not only helps bring about obesity, diabetes type 2, hardening of the arteries - it also plays a vital role in allergic respiratory diseases such as asthma. The scientists say this is the first discovery which sees a clear link between the immune and metabolic systems.

Michael Rolph, lead researcher, and team, found that mice lacking aP2 experience a significant reduction in airway inflammation in a model of asthma.

The scientists demonstrated for the first time that aP2 is present in human epithelial cells which line the tubes that carry air from the windpipe to the bronchi (lungs). They also showed that aP2 expression is dramatically increased when the epithelial cells are stimulated with interleukin-4 and -13. This was a surprise as scientists thought aP2 was a specific marker for fat cells only.

aP2 function in mice was directly linked to infiltration into the airways of leukocytes and eosinophils. Leukocytes and eosinophils are inflammatory molecules.

This discovery emphasizes the close link between the regulation of inflammation and metabolism.

The scientists say that a novel way of looking at asthma and other inflammatory lung disease treatments may be to block the function of aP2.

“The adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein aP2 is required in allergic airway inflammation”
J. Clin. Invest., doi: 10.1172/JCI24767
View Abstract Online

Written by: Christian Nordqvist
Editor: Medical News Today


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